In Illinois, redistricting is a two-phase method, 1 for redrawing the districts of the state’s 118 Household and 59 Senate seats, an additional for remapping the state’s congressional district boundaries. At the moment, below Democratic-drawn maps, Democrats maintain majorities about Republicans of 72-45 in the Illinois Property, 41-18 in the Illinois Senate and 13-5 in the U.S. Dwelling delegation.
Redistricting is customarily the most political course of action conducted by Illinois lawmakers, the maps’ boundaries a determinant for which political bash will command the Common Assembly for the future 10 years as nicely as partisan command of the state’s congressional delegation in Washington.
The course of action is complicated, legally complex and frequently messy. Federal and state legal guidelines, and judicial rulings call for provisions for racial and ethnic representation, maintaining communities of shared interest intact and for districts to be compact, contiguous and as equivalent in populace as doable.
Complying with individuals requirements in a diverse condition, along with partisan political factors, is what prevents districts from simply resembling squares and as an alternative end result in odd jagged jigsaw-puzzle-formed boundaries.
Drawing boundaries primarily based only on favoring a political party is identified as gerrymandering. But authorized demands to layout districts to ensure a prospect for representation by racial and ethnic teams is a form of authorized gerrymandering that has been upheld by the courts.